Floor plan of the extensive Villa Hadriana near Tivoli. Emperor Hadrian (76-138) had this complex built between 126 and 134. The estate, with a circumference of 5 km and an area of approximately 120 ha, included an imperial palace, thermal baths, libraries, theaters, a swimming pool, staff quarters, banquet halls, underground corridors, altars, a sports stadium, an art gallery and extensive gardens full of works of art. . There were even caves, animal enclosures, a wildlife park, a pond, squares with fountains, waterfalls, fish basins, and so on. It is considered one of the richest building complexes of Antiquity. Copper engraving, maker unknown. Intended as an illustration in a work by Athanasius Kircher (1602-1680), which was published in Amsterdam in 1671.
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