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Gravure van Buffon L'Oiseau St Martin, La Bondrie, Le Buzard, La Soubuse
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30 x 40
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From work by Buffon: Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière. Georges-Louis Leclerc, Count de Buffon (Montbard, September 7, 1707 - Paris, April 16, 1788). He was a French biologist and head of the royal gardens of the French King Louis XV. He was a member of the Académie des Sciences and the Académie Française. Buffon was born in Montbard in Burgundy, the son of Benjamin François Leclerc and Anne-Christine Marlin. Buffon attended a Jesuit school in Dijon and from 1728 studied medicine, astronomy and botany at the University of Angers. After a duel in 1730 in which he killed an Englishman, he was forced to leave France temporarily. After his return, he was appointed director of the Royal Botanic Garden in 1739, where he managed the royal museums, gardens and menageries. The beginning of his life's work. In 1733 Buffon was made a member of the Académie des Sciences and in 1753 a member of the Académie Française. The first volume of Histoire Naturelle was published in 1749. In the forty years that followed, 43 more volumes would follow. Buffon treated natural history (formerly used as a collective term for zoology, biology, geology, botany, anthropology and cosmology) in a modern scientific way and dealt with the religious influence within it. Buffon can be considered one of the founders of biology and geology. It was clear to Buffon, who was interested in geology, that the Earth was much older than the 6,000 years taught by the Church. Buffon's ideology on the change that animals undergo under the pressure of circumstances (evolution) was a tentative precursor to that Charles Darwin, but Buffon, dependent on the king's favor, did not dare to broadly consider the consequences he had drawn from his studies circle.

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